Disaster Management, will assist the ASEAN Secretariat in implementing the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) Work Programme. Cooperation and dialogue has been already established. The ASEAN Secretariat is involved in the ECHO Disaster Preparedness Programme. Regional context: Asia-Pacific is the world’s most natural disaster-prone region. The region suffered 152 natural disasters in 2008, the most devastating being Cyclone Nargis. More recently, a massive 9-magnitude earthquake – the seventh largest recorded in history struck the eastern coast of Japan on the 11 March 2011. The earthquake’s epicentre was located 130 kilometres off the eastern coast of Japan, and some 373 kilometres northeast of Tokyo. Within minutes, the quake had triggered a tsunami that hit the eastern coast of Japan with 7metre high waves, which pushed inland and left a trail of destruction. In view of disaster proneness, latest emerging trends, notably urbanisation, increasing value of physical assets, increased reliance on critical service networks, climate change, population growth, changes in social expectations, population migration and other demographic changes, are the impetus for new and shifting vulnerabilities to disasters. In particular due to climate change, coastal and delta regions in South, East and South East Asia are expected to be at increased risk of flooding; food security may be threatened by increased drought; and coastal zones and small island States in the Pacific will be at increased risk of inundation, storm surges, erosion, and other coastal hazards. Regional Disaster Management Mechanism: ASEAN has gained a storehouse of lessons in disaster management that can be passed down to member states required to draw up national plans on managing disasters in accordance with the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER). The ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER) entered into force on 24 December 2009 following ratification by all ASEAN Member States. The ASEAN Member States’ determination in ratifying the Agreement marked a significant milestone in ASEAN's collective efforts to build a disaster resilient community by the year 2015. AADMER is a regional legally binding agreement that binds ASEAN Member States together to promote regional cooperation and collaboration in reducing disaster losses and intensifying joint emergency response to disasters in the ASEAN region. AADMER is also ASEAN's affirmation of its commitment to the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA), and therefore the first HFA related regional binding instrument ^sin the world that binds Asian states together to address disaster risk reduction and improve their preparedness for response. “Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters” is noted in the AADMER as the agreed framework for disaster risk reduction). AADMER contains provisions on disaster risk identification, monitoring ^sand early warning, prevention and mitigation, preparedness and response, rehabilitation, technical cooperation and research mechanisms for coordination, and simplified customs and immigration procedures. AADMER also provides for the establishment of an ASEAN Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance on disaster management (AHA Centre) to undertake operational coordination of activities under the agreement.
The focus of effort for Component 4 will be twofold.
First, developing a Monitoring and Evaluation System for the implementation of AADMER to identify achievements and areas for further development. Second. To develop a strategy for knowledge exchange within ASEAN on disaster management and between ASEAN and other regional bodies and national governments.
Outputs to Date
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