Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 21-22 April 2014– Based on past exchanges and activities related to Clean Energy Technologies (CET) between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and European Union (EU), the ASEAN Senior Officials Meeting on Energy (SOME), ASEAN Renewable Energy Sub-sector Network (RE-SSN) and the ASEAN Power Utilities/Authorities (HAPUA) have identified ASEAN Power Generation Sector as a key interest area to explore clean energy technologies in order to provide guidance to ASEAN policy makers on how to reach a secure and sustainable power generation system looking out to 2050.
The aim of the two-day Seminar was to identify the technological options and priority actions that governments and industry can undertake towards a low-carbon future for ASEAN through: (i) the conduct of an EU-ASEAN Dialogue on CET; and (ii) the identification of Technology Development Prospects for the ASEAN Power Generation Sector in collaboration with the EU.
The Seminar was attended by around 105 participants coming from the ASEAN Member States (MS) at the exception of Myanmar. The delegates were senior officials and specialists of renewable energy policy and planning from government energy agencies nominated by the ASEAN Senior Official on Energy (SOE) Leaders, Focal Points of the ASEAN RE—SSN, HAPUA and from the EU. In addition participants from the power generation sector, national electricity companies, academia and the civil societies of ASEAN MS and the EU were also participating to this Seminar. Resource speakers and panelists from the EU and ASEAN were invited to speak in the area of CETs, implementation measures, future plans and targets in their respective regions.
At the time of the panel discussion, the following issues were debated: (i) what kind of technological innovations are appropriate considering geographical, socioeconomic and local conditions for the CET deployment? (ii) what are the most cost effective and efficient market based instruments to enhance the penetration of the CETs? (iii) what affect the social acceptances of the CETs? How to measure it? and (iv) what is the appropriate international cooperation framework between ASEAN and EU to foster CETs?
The main findings, following the points listed above, are as follows: (i) A promising model for CETs in general seems to be community‐based approaches and CETs that are highly relevant to both the EU and ASEAN include wind, PV and biomass in the short term, but also efficient conventional technologies such as clean coal (supercritical boilers) and CCS in the longer term; (ii) The employed instrument needs to market‐oriented in order to foster market (rather than just system) integration, for example through FITs with premiums. In ASEAN countries which are emphasizing on poverty reduction, the issue of how to fairly distribute the burden of these subsidies is a very important issue; (iii) The deployment of CETs needs to be carried out with transparency at all stages of the process in order that the local residents are actively involved - one solution is through multi‐stakeholder dialogue by socialization of the technology before implementing; (iv) The collaboration should be technology and policy oriented, in order to focus on expanding expertise and building capacities where they are most required. The issue is not much in the form of cooperation but more in catching up and leveraging the capability among the countries. Finally, whilst cooperation is important to share the risk and technology transfer, the trust need to build among the countries.
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